Religion, competition and liability: Dutch cooperative banking in crisis, 1919-1927.

PhD Dissertation, Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science (2011).

  • Awarded the 2012 European Business History Association Dissertation Prize

Edited collections

An Economist's Guide to Economic History.

(edited with Matthias Blum), Palgrave Macmillan (2018).
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96568-0
ISBN: 978-3-319-96567-3


Organizational determinants of bank resilience: explaining the performance of SME banks in the Dutch financial crisis of the 1920s.

Business History Review, vol. 92, no. 4 (2018), pp. 661-690.
DOI: 10.1017/S0007680519000011

Banking on a religious divide: accounting for the success of the Netherlands’ Raiffeisen cooperatives in the crisis of the 1920s..

Journal of Economic History, vol. 77, no. 3 (2017), pp. 866-919.
DOI: 10.1017/S0022050717000663

Work ethic, social ethic, no ethic: measuring the economic values of modern Christians.

(with Matthew McCracken), Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol. 32, no. 5 (2017), pp. 1043-4053.
DOI: 10.1002/jae.2543

Women of an uncertain age: quantifying human capital accumulation in rural Ireland in the nineteenth century.

(with Matthias Blum, Laura McAtackney & Eoin McLaughlin), Economic History Review, vol. 70, no. 1 (2017), pp. 187-223.
DOI: 10.1111/ehr.12333

Predicting the past: understanding the causes of bank distress in the Netherlands in the 1920s.

(with Abe de Jong & Philip T. Fliers), Explorations in Economic History, vol. 55 (2015), pp. 97-121.
DOI: 10.1016/j.eeh.2014.09.001

Raiffeisenism abroad: why did German cooperative banking fail in Ireland but prosper in the Netherlands?

(with Eoin McLaughlin), Economic History Review, vol. 67, no. 2 (2014), pp. 492-516.
DOI: 10.1111/1468-0289.12030


Book review of: Een Nederlandse Overzeebank. De Nederlandsche Bank voor Zuid-Afrika, 1888-1969 (by Piet A. Geljon, Uitgeverij Boom, 2017).

Reviewed in: TSEG / Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History, vol. 15, no. 2-3 (2018), pp. 170–172.
DOI: 10.18352/tseg.1030

Working papers

The Origins of the (Cooperative) Species: Raiffeisen Banking in the Netherlands, 1898–1909.

(with Stuart Henderson & John D. Turner), QUCEH Working Paper Series, Paper No. 18-03 (February 2018).

Scarring and Selection in the Great Irish Famine.

(with Matthias Blum & Eoin McLaughlin), QUCEH Working Paper Series, Paper No. 2017-08 (September 2017).

Research and policy papers

De bankencrisis van de jaren twintig.

(with Abe de Jong & Philip Fliers), Economisch Statistische Berichten, vol. 99, no. 4689/4690 (2014), pp. 4437-440.

What determines interbank competition? And why should we care?

Oxonomics, 4(1) (2009), pp. 10–20.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-5209.2009.00034.x

Newspaper articles

Why did Northern Ireland vote to remain?

(with Edward Mills), QPol, 18 July 2016.

A conflict of interest in CCEA’s dual role in education?..

(with Niall Boyd), Slugger O'Toole, 31 October 2013.

Response to past crises shames post-Lehman dithering.

(with John Turner), The Conversation, 13 September 2013.

Lessen van Nederlands vorige grote bankencrisis.

(with Abe de Jong and Philip Fliers), Me Judice, 15 February 2013.

Don't send Royal Mail to highest bidder.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 4 November 2009

Splitting banks up is not the answer.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 20 June 2009

The Goodwin farce makes the law an ass.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 7 April 2009

Peston's run.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 28 February 2009

Savers: stop moaning.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 9 February 2009

Just watch the GDP.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 24 January 2009

Gold in them thar banks?

Comment is free, The Guardian, 29 December 2008

Will the VAT cut work?

Comment is free, The Guardian, 11 December 2008

Our chance for a working regulatory regime.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 15 November 2008

The rocket scientists' crash landing.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 21 October 2008

The price of stability.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 18 October 2008

The Great Depression looms again.

Comment is free, The Guardian, 13 October 2008

Blog entries

Converting for tax reasons.

The NEP-HIS Blog, 5 November 2013

It’s the Timing, Stupid..

The NEP-HIS Blog, 22 July 2013

Do banks facilitate economic growth? If so, what type?

The NEP-HIS Blog, 13 February 2013

To patent or not to patent, that is the question.

The NEP-HIS Blog, 20 November 2012

Why were the Cathars killed but the Huguenots not?

The NEP-HIS Blog, 23 September 2012

In Antitrust We (Do Not) Trust.

The NEP-HIS Blog, 17 July 2012

Mafianomic History.

The NEP-HIS Blog, 10 March 2012

Electrification, skills and manufacturing.

The NEP-HIS Blog, 28 January 2012